As skilled HVAC technicians begin to retire, the demand for new technicians continues to grow. Over the next few years, the HVAC field is expected to rapidly grow. While those specializing in installation may currently struggle to find employment (until the number of new constructions increase), individuals specializing in HVAC maintenance and repair work should see definite job stability.
In order for new or potential technicians to see the benefit in this growth, they must obtain the appropriate HVAC training and education. Those who have completed HVAC courses and obtained certification are well positioned to benefit from the need for technicians. In order to become certified in this field, one must enroll in and successfully complete HVAC classes. There are a number of ways in which to obtain the educational requirements for this field. Many colleges, universities and trade schools offer training in heating, air-conditioning and refrigeration. There are also opportunities to complete HVAC training online that provide students with the ability to study heating and air-conditioning courses at their own pace and in the comfort of their own homes. Online training has quickly become one of the most popular ways for students to obtain their higher education goals.
HVAC classes typically include the basics of refrigeration, components, recycling and evacuation, as well as resistance, current, power and voltage in AC and DC circuits. Computations of series, parallel circuits, troubleshooting and circuit analysis are also studied in order to prepare students for a career in this field.
In order to become certificated in HVAC, an apprenticeship of one to five years is normally required, depending on the state or locality in which the student plans to work. This apprenticeship provides the new technician with on the job learning as well as opportunities to demonstrate that their skills are up to par.
Many HVAC courses, even those provided online, have prerequisites that the student must complete before being permitted to take the course. For instance, before taking a course on installation of piping materials used in plumbing and/or HVAC systems, the student may need to complete a class on Construction Industry Standards. Prerequisite requirements can be checked by looking through the admissions booklet or online schedule of courses for the school the student plans to attend.
Courses can also be taken if a student or new technician plans to specialize in one or more areas. Refrigeration is one specialty that many new technicians choose and certification is achieved after successful completion of specific classes and the passing of the certification examination.
Given the amount of time it takes to prepare for a career in the HVAC industry, the job prospects for this field are excellent. Even those who are required to work in apprenticeships are virtually guaranteed employment after successful completion of the required HVAC classes. Those who work in apprenticeships typically begin their careers by assisting certified technicians, giving them the experience that they need to advance their own careers in the future.
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